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Japanese Flowering Quince is a small spiny tree, in the rose family, from mountain woodland in Japan and China. If left to grow naturally, it reaches 3 feet tall.
Chaenomeles Japonica is much beloved for bonsai because of their tiny, lovely flowers, and in spite of their prickly thorns. Flower colors can be white, pink, red, orange-red and orange. They are produced as early as January, and may continue to flower for a long time following the appearance of leaves.
The leaves are 3-5 cm long. There is no fall foliage color. Apple-like edible fruits appear in Autumn, though these are normally removed to conserve energy for growth. The bark is dark gray.
Hardiness zones 5-8 (-26°C/-15°F,-10°C/15°F) in Winter. Low maintenance plant. Almost unkillable and grows in almost any soil or position. Flowering Quince tolerates a wide climatic range including drought conditions and cold to at least -10°C. The plants are best grown with regular water, particularly during a hot dry Summer. Reduce watering in winter, but never allow the soil to become fully dry. Needs good drainage. Prefers full sun, although partial shade in midsummer is desirable in very hot areas.
|For faster germination, soak the seeds in slightly hot water for 24-48 hours, followed by 3-4 months cold stratification before sowing at 1/4" deep in your soil mixture. Keep damp soil, not soaking wet. Keep pot in warm situation 20°C/68°F, 24°C/75°F. Germination can take several months. It can be more depending on their degree of unbroken dormancy, don't give up.|
Scarification / Stratification
|This will break their dormancy. It creates a cold and moist environment for the seeds. Mixed in seeds with slightly moistened vermiculite or peat, only damp in a ziplock bag. Close zip bag shut and store it in the salad crisper compartment of your refrigerator. If any seeds begin to sprout during the cold stratification, simply remove the seed and plant.|